If 5 cats can catch 5 mice in 5 days, how many days does it take 3 cats to catch 3 mice?
The "obvious" answer is three. Three cats catch three mice in three days.
However, this answer is not correct!
As the number of cats increases the number of mice they can catch increases. "Direct variation" means that as one quantity increases, the other quantity will also increase.
On the other hand, as the number of cats increases, the number of hours required to catch a certain number of mice decreases. "Inverse variation" means that as one quantity increases, the other quantity decreases.
If 5 cats can catch 5 mice in 5 days, how many mice can they catch in one day? (discuss)
Now, if 5 cats catch 1 mouse in 1 day, How many days would it take 1 cat to catch 1 mouse? (discuss)
And finally, since 1 cat catches 1 mouse in 5 days, if you have three times as cats, they'll catch three times as many mice in the same amount of time. So 3 cats catch ____ mice in 5 days.
photo credit: Denis Defreyne via flickr